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People's Park  A nitht view
People's Park   A nitht view

General Information
In its history, the land, now called Xinghua, was mostly under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou. It became one of cities under the legal control of Taizhou in recent years, which is one of thirteen prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu Province.

Dubbed as “Town of Han and Tang”, Xinghua has been a town for duration of more than a century since it was established in 920 A.D. Not just a Jiangsu’s historical and cultural city, Xinghua is now one of the top 100 cities (county-level) in China with its comprehensive economic capability.

For its well protected water resource, the city is honored as a national example for its ecological-balance environment.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Xinghua City is situated between the two prefecture jurisdictions, Yangzhou and Yancheng, and borders Taizhou on south. Lying in a basin, the city has a low elevation over sea lever, only 1.8 m in average, and is nicknamed a big “Water Town”, surrounded by 22 rivers and 13 lakes in diverse sizes and lengths.

Most lakes Xinghua possesses are in the city’s north-western territory including Dazong Lake, Wugon Lake, Desheng Lake, Pingwang Lake, etc. It has totally 22 rivers and the total length of rives reaches 11,000 km. The total water surface area occupies 27% of the city’s land mass.

Water resource is the most important natural resource for the city. Major bodies of water provide advantages for its agriculture, industry and transportation. Other natural resources include crude oil, nature gas, geothermal heat, spring.

Xinghua has a maritime monsoon climate, with distinct four seasons. The annual average temperature is 15ºC and average rainfall is around 1,000 mm.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Xinghua City has a jurisdiction over 34 towns and townships and a provincial economic development zone, the fourth largest city in Jiangsu. Its municipal government is stationed in the Town of Zhaoyang. The post code is 225700 and telephone area code is 523.

Area and Population
The city occupies a land of 2,393 square kilometers, the largest city under Taizhou’s jurisdiction. The population is about 1.6 million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Xinghua was traditionally described as a water town and its agricultural products based on its water resource were well known. The city was also an important agricultural area for production of rice and cotton in past. However, the income from this sector is shrinking over years.

Industrial sectors have brought the city into a new direction and a fast-growing industry has increased the capability of the city’s economic performance. The city has been listed on the China Top 100 Cities for its comprehensive strength in economy.

The city environment is relatively well protected by the municipal government. In 2007, the municipal government inspected near 500 factories with a high pollution index and shut down one tenth of them due to the dissatisfaction in their improvement.

Transportation and Tourism
In ancient time, Xinghua was a town where its residents had to take a boat when they were out for traveling and the situation lasted until the last decade. Now the city is connected by convenient road transportation network, including Gaoxing (Gaoyou-Xinghua) Highway, Jinghu (Beijing-Shanghai) Expressway, Ninjingyan (Nanjing-Jingjiang-Yancheng) Expressway, Jiangsu Coastline Expressway, G204 and Xingtai (Xinghua-Taizhou) Highway.

In 2003, Xinchang (Xinyi-Changxing, Zhejiang Province) Railway runs through the city, terminating the city’s history without the railway traffic.

Crisscrossing rivers, canals and lakes still provide the city the convenience using its water transportation. Many towns or townships can be easily reached by its waterways.

The historical city has more than 120 locations for tourist attraction and 26 of them are listed for the provincial priority. Many historical relics dot in the city including Nandang Relic from the New Stone Age and ancient architectures.

Xinghua has well instituted compulsory primary education system, which have 204 elementary and secondary schools in total. The secondary and high schools education achieve significant graduate rate.

Culture and Folklore
As a cultural place, Xinghua has kept its traditional art forms in live, including Ban Qiao Dao Qing, a folk sing performance, Mao Shan Hao Zi, and a special dragon dance on bench. Mao Shan Hao Zi is a kind of folk music and originated from the town.

Notable Personage
Xinghua is a historical and cultural city in China. In Chinese history, many famous statesmen, artists, educators, etc., were the natives of Xinghua, specifically, when Xinghua was under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou. These celebrities include:

Sihi Nai’an (1296-1370), the author of a novel Outlaws of the Marsh, lived in the ancient town. After he died, he was buried in his family cemetery.

Zheng Banqiao, best known for his paintings, calligraphy and arts, was born and lived in the ancient town. He spent most of his time in Yangzhou when the city was in its most brilliant historical period.

The so-called “Three Chancellors in Xinghua” includes Gao Gu (1391-1460 A.D.), Li Chunfang (1511-1585 A.D.) and Wu Sheng (1589-1670 A.D.). They all were born in Xinghua and finally became a chancellor in different periods of time during the Ming Dynasty.

Liu Xizai, a great artist, poet, and critic in the Qing Dynasty, was a native of Xinghua. He was once the teacher of the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Guangxu.

Li Shenyan (18591931 A.D.), the eighth generation of Li Chunfang (a chancellor in the Ming), was a scholar, artist and poet during the Qing Dynasty. After he died, he was honored as a “Great Master of Chinese Artist”.

In the modern history of the people’s republic, there have been more than 20 well-known generals, academicians, artists, enterprisers, educators, who was originally born or lived on this land before they became famous. These natives of Xinghua are the proud of the city.

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