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Tongzhou Defence Exhibit Center  The autumn of wetland
Tongzhou Defence Exhibit Center   The autumn of wetland

General Information
Tongzhou is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Nantong Prefecture city.

The city's territory was initially formed by merger of numerous isolated islets, shapped by sediment of sand particles brought by Yangtze River, during the South-North Dynasty (420-589 A.D.). In 958 A.D., Tongzhou was first established its township as a salt-making site in the Zhou Dynasty but changed its name many times in later dynasties.

The city was a pioneer in the development of modern China’s industry, thanks to Zhang Jian, a great native and an industrialist in Tongzhou. With a fast-growing economy, Tongzhou is now becoming a flourishing portal city in national shipment network.

When googling “tongzhou”, you would get two Tongzhou, one being under the jurisdiction of Beijing City, and the other being under the jurisdiction of Nantong City. Make sure the Tongzhou you are searching is a city of Jiangsu Province.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Tongzhou is on the Jiangsu North Plain and has elevations in a range of 3.8-4.4 meters over sea level, but its eastern coastline is below sea level, with the lowest of 2.2 meters. The city borders Nantong metropolis on southwest, Haimen City on southeast, Rudong City on north and Rugao on northwest.

Principal natural resources include water and marshland along its river banks and sea shores. Uncontaminated land and marshland offer wild animals and birds the best habitats as well as the convenient water traffic.

Tongzhou has a warm but wet subtropical climate under the influence of the East Asia monsoon. Seasons are distinct and local residents enjoy sufficient sunlight. Springs and autumns are short while the summers last very long. Precipitation is lower than the average level of its Jiangsu neighbors, less than 1,000 mm annually.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Under the jurisdiction of Nantong, Tongzhou City administers 20 towns and 1 provincial development zone. The municipal government is stationed in the Town of Jinsha.

Area and Population
The city has a physical land mass of 1,351 square kilometers and the population is little bit more than a million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Tongzhou was traditionally an old site for salt-making in China and later became an agricultural land. Its principal agricultural produces include cotton, rice, wheat, fishery, fruit, etc. The city is focusing on upgrade the farming system and increase organic food productions.

In the later years of the Qing Dynasty, Tongzhou was becoming a new industrial city, in which Mr Zhang Jian established a number of mills and enterprises. These early factories later became a foundation for the city’s economic development. With excellent geologic position as a coastal city, the city is attracting more investments and fundings. Many of them come from either domestic or foreign corporations. The city has been ranked at 28th in the China Top 100 cities with its economic strength for seven years in a row.

Nestling in the south of the city, the Tongzhou Economic Development Zone is a prestigious industrial park and has attracted significant invest funding nationally or internationally.

Economic growth and environmental conservation have always seemed like two different approaches. With a sprawling metropolis, Tongzhou has experienced environment damage but its biosystem is still in a good shape. The municipal government has spent tremendous funds to curb the pollution and has been working out stiff environmental policies over years. Many polluters are ordered to shut down or are removed.

Transportation and Tourism
The city is connected to its neighbors by three expressway, Nintong (Nanjing-Nantong), Yantong (Yancheng-Nantong) and Tongqi (Nantong-Qidong). The Xinchang Railway passes through the city. Within the boundary, rivers and canals crisscross the city, providing the city a convenient water transportation. The major water routes involve three canals including Tongyang Canal (Nantong-Yangzhou), Tongqi Canal (Nantong-Qidong), Tonglu Canal (Nantong-Haimen-Yellow Sea), and rivers such as the New Jianghaihe, etc.

Geographically Yangtze River is a major barrier for cross-river transportation and all cities in the Northern Jiangsu experience difficulties in connecting the south of Yangtze. The situation would be ultimately changed for Tongzhou upon the complement of Sutong Yangtze River Bridge, which opened in April 2008.

Tongzhou has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate.

Culture and Folklore
The city has a huge population of churchgoers. That is because more shipyard workers traveled in the city and more Christian or Catholic churches have been sup up since then.

Notable Personage
Wan Zejun, the director of Kite Whistle Research Institute, was a native of Tongzhou. He is best known for his contribution to Nantong kite, in which he designed the best whistles installed on kites. His whistles mimic of hawk voice had been honored many golden medals in various international events.

Gao Zexian is best known with his contributions to the drawings or paintings which are used on kites. His art works are best enjoyed by Nantong kite makers.

Gu Huanqing is best known for his contributions to Chinese couplets and lantern riddles, a Chinese folklore, popular in the past hundreds of years.

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