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Lake of Hongze  Wetland Museum
Lake of Hongze   Wetland Museum

General Information
Sihong County, dubbed as a Beticonturops Fossil Resort, was an ancient town and was established for its county jurisdiction in 1947 during the Republic of China. In the West Zhou Dynasty (1027 – 771 B.C), the ancient town was once the capital of the Kingdom Xu, a political center for its thriving economy.

As a traditional agricultural land, Sihong is now a well-known county jurisdiction with multiple titles in ecological protection and forest coverage. In addition, the county is famed with its spirit product, Liquor Shuanggou, one of the most well-known alcoholic brands in China.

Archaeological finding in Sihong revealed early human activities on its land, tracking back even to the Old Stone Age.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Sihong is located in the Jiangsu North Plain. The highest elevation is 63 meters over the sea level on the western territory of the county but the lowest is 12 meters in the south. The frost-free duration is 213 days annually.

The Lake of Hongze is nestled on the east of the county and its surrounding wetland is as large as 50,000 hectares, which is a heaven for wild bird and fish species. The water resource provides the county the most important resource in every respect. Other national resources include minerals of quartz, diamond, clay, etc.

Like its neighbors, Sihong is under the influence of the East Asia Monsoon. It has a mild but humid climate and seasons are distinct. The average annual temperature is close to 14ºC with the lowest -5ºC in January. The normal precipitation is around 900 mm annually.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Under the jurisdiction of Suqian, Sihong is comprised of 23 towns and townships and a provincial development zone. The municipal government is stationed in the Town of Qingyang.

Area and Population
Sihong County has a land mass about 2,800 square kilometers and its population is about 1 million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Sihong was traditionally considered as a farm land and its agricultural revenue was once the most critical income for the county. The principal agricultural products include rice, cotton, livestock, maize, wheat and vegetables. Aquatic production is another harvest due to the presence of the Lake of Hongze. The government has spent a significant funding in its forest sector, driven by economic purpose, and now the forest covers 24% of its land mass. The forest industry has therefore become a pillar sector for the county’s economy.

The alcoholic production has had a long history since 1732 in the Qing Dynasty and its fabulous brands have won many awards nationally and internationally. Now, this industry has become a revenue-creating machine for Sihong and earns the county a national reputation, a liquor-making giant. A well-known brand, Shuanggou, is one of the best alcoholic trademarks in China and has exported to many countries.

Other industrial sectors include textile, machinery, food manufacture and printing. Sihong Economic Development Zone was established in March 2003 and has totally attracted more than three hundreds of investment projects. The zone has been listed as one of 15 prestigious industrial zones in the province.

Economic growth and environmental conservation have always seemed like two different approaches. The local authority has established five environment protection zones and has spent significant funds over years to protect these environmental sensitive regions. It is wished that the industrialization would not harm the county’s ecosystem.

Transportation and Tourism
Sihong is located at the junction of two provinces, Jiangsu and Anhui, and economically it is under the coverage of two economic regions, Xuzhou and Yangzhou. The county is connected to its neighbor towns and cities by road transportation networks, including four expressways, Beijing-Fuzhou, Beijing-Shanghai, Nanjing-Suqian-Xuzhou and Xuzhou-Suqian-Huai’an.

The water transportation of Sihong primarily relies on the Grand Canal and the Lake of Hongze, adding other 5 regional rivers. It is 200 km away from the Port of Nanjing.

Sihong is accessible to Xuzhou Guanyin Airport and Nanjing Lukou International Airport.

Sihong’s tourist destinations include Lake of Hongze and its massive wetland reserves, which are a heaven for birds, insects, wild animals and fish. Early human fossils and relic museums and the ancient kingdom Xu are also the attractive tourist destinations.

Sihong has well instituted compulsory primary education system, high percent of school-age children are enrolled in schools. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate. There is no higher learning institution available in the county.

Culture and Folklore
In history, Sihong was governed by the ancient kingdom Xu and there were many popular legends related to the time. During the Qin and the Han dynasties, many famous figures lived or fought in this land, left splendid historical relics behind them. During the Sino-Japanese war, Sihong was a place with thriving resistance foeces, in which many lost their young life against invaders.

Notable Personage

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