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A street view  Shuhe River
A street view   Shuhe River

General Information
Dubbed “the land of flowers and trees”, Shuyang is a county under the jurisdiction of Suqian prefecture city.

The county has a history of more than 2,000 years in horticultural tradition since Qing Dynasty and it has reclaimed this title since the later of 1980s. With the fabulous visual splendour, two of its towns have been honored as “Flowers Village of China” and “Flowers Village of Jiangsu”, respectively.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Shuyang is located in the north of Shuhe River and so is the name. It is on a belt from the southern hilly area to the northern flatland.

Totally there are 29 rivers crisscrossing the territory of the county and the major rivers include Shu, Xingyi, Huaishuxing rivers. The county borders four cities on its four boundaries - east, south, west and north, and they are Liayungang, Huai’an, Suqian and Xuzhou cities.

Shuyang has a humid subtropical climate influenced by oceanic wind, and has distinct four seasons, abundant precipitation and sunshine. The annual average temperature is 14ºC with the highest average 38ºC in summer and the lowest -5ºC in winter. The annual average rainfall is 940 mm.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Shuyang County is under the jurisdiction of Suqian and is made up of 29 towns, 5 townships and 1 provincial economic development zone.

The Town of Yanji, dubbed “Flower Village of China”, is 20 km away from the municipal area of the county. The town has a land mass of around 5,000 he and the whole town is just a big nursery, countless flowers, Chinese bonsais, garden plants and tree species. The horticultural tradition makes the town a national repotation for its flower and plant production, infrastructure, and marketing services. There are tens of thousands of visitors and tourists, domestically or internationally, coming to the town to get a look for its gardens, nurseries, glasshouses, research laboratory, etc.

The town was the hometown for Yuji, a legendary beauty and concubine of Xiangyu, the King of the Western Chu Kingdom.

Another Town in Shuyang, Xinhe, honored as “Flower Village of Jiangsu” , is 10 km from the county' urban area. Compared with Yanji, this flower town is a bit small, about 2,000 hectares, but its entire town is just a magnificent garden with towering flowers, dotted varying colors, full of fragrances, landscapes...

Area and Population
Shuyang has a physical land mass of 2,297 square kilometers. The population is 1.77 million, the largest popolation in Jiangsu Province.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Shuyang was traditionally considered a farmland. Its principal agricultural products include cotton, rice, cocoon and livestock. Its land is not fertile but the sufficient rainfall and moderate weather is a good compensation for its agricultural sector.

The development of its floral industry has brought the county a national reputation. Its national market for the industry is getting strong and the export is going up. Now the industry has become the most important sector for Shuyang.

The production of mushrooms and fungi is the city's other strength and its developments involve all aspects, including basic infrastructure, research, and market.

Over years Shuyang has been marching into urbanization. In order to protect its natural and ecologic environment, the local municipal government has been putting stiff rules into practice and has spent significant funds in various projects. The county has an ambitious plan to protect its forests and plant more trees.

Transportation and Tourism
Shuyang has a convenient transportation network. Highways/expressways, including G205, G245, G324, G326 and Jinghu (Beijing-Shanghai) Expressway, run through the county either north-south or east-west direction. The railway, Xinchang Railway (Xinyi-Changxing) runs from the north of the county toward the south. There are only 40 min or 1 hour of driving distances to either Lianyungang Baitabi Airport or Xuzhou Guanyin Airport. Shuyang port is listed as one of the top 20 largest ports in Jiangsu. Two rivers, Xingyi and Huaishuxing rivers, cross each other and connect many towns and townships. In the urban area of the city, the public transit, provides convenience to the city’s commuters and visitors.

With its beautiful green-covered land, Shuyang is becoming a tourist hub in the north of Jiangsu. Many traders and companies have built garden centers in the town to exhibit their products. Hundreds of these centers and public parks and landscape cover the town's urban and rural districts. This industry becomes substantial economically and has provides more than 150,000 local jobs.

The county sponsors a national flower-plant festival and has earned a national reputation.

Shuyang has well instituted nine-year compulsory education system for youths and its high schools, including national and provincial model high schools, achieve a significant graduation rate. No higher learning institution is available in the county.

Culture and Folklore
In the past, Shuyang was just a wild land close to the East China Sea. The earliest development in ancient dynasties was related to salt production starting from the Han and the Tang dynasties. Since then a few of local folklores had developed including its dragon boat race, painting, etc.

Notable Personage
A well-known ancient beauty, Yuji, who was the beloved concubine of Xiangyu, the King of the Western Chu after Qin Dynasty overturned, was born in the Town of Yanji. The legend about Yuji and Xiangyu has been one of the most heartbroken stories in China. In a five-year Chu-Han Contention between the Western Chu and the Han, Yuji always traveled with her husband and his troops. At her 16, she was captured by enemy soldiers. In emergency response to the situation, Xiangyu led only a small group of militants to fight the Han troops and unfortunately he and his force were entrapped. Considering herself the primary cause of being surrounded, Yuji sang and danced last time in front of her hubby then committed suicide. Her death caused the king's tremendous sadness and breakdown his confidence to fight. He gave up the last opportunity to escape and committed suicide as well at age 31. This historical story has been adopted, edited and performed in many Chinese folklore arts including books and operas. The most famous one was the Beijing opera “Farewell My Concubine”.

Sheng Kuo (1031-1059), an Chinese scientist in the North Song Dynasty, once served as a municipal official in Shuyang. His stunning scientific achievements involved agriculture, water conservancy and irrigation, finance, weapon manufacture, etc.

Zhao An was the mother of Liu Yu, the first Emperor of the South Song Dynasty. She died immediately after her birth of the baby, who became the emperor after 57 years later.

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