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General Information
Rugao is a unique city in Nantong’s jurisdiction, which doesn’t own a coastline although it is indeed on the northern bank of Yangtze River.

In its self recognition, the city boasts three things linked to it which could not ignore: Yangtze River, bonsai and longevity. Yangtze River is certainly crucial for it, making up the city' southern border, confronting Zhangjiagang of Suzhou City in the opposite of the river. Bonsai, a traditional Chinese garden culture, is one of the city's prominent heritages. Long life span, for sure, is really a miracle. Till 2008 there have already been 251 of centenarians in the town, two times higher than the standards set by the INMA (International Natural Medicine Association).

Geography, Resources and Climate
Rugao City is located in the northeast of Jiangsu and on the northern bank of Yangtze River. It borders three cities in the north, east and south, respectively, Huai’an, Rudong and Tongzhou. In the west, Rugao flanks two neighbor cities of Taizhou jurisdiction, Taixing and Jingjiang. The Yangtze River runs through the city's south, forming its southern border with Zhangjiagang of Suzhou City.

The city has a humid subtropical climate influenced by oceanic wind and has distinct four seasons. The annual average temperature is 15ºC and has an abundant precipitation yearly.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Rugao is under the jurisdiction of Nantong and is made up of 23 towns, 1 provincial economic development zone and 1 city’s port economical zone. The provincial economical zone includes 25 square kilometers in area and hosts more than 400 diverse industrial companies including around 50 international corporations.

Area and Population
Rugao has a physical land mass of 1,477 square kilometers and its population is close one of a half million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Traditionally, Rugao' ariculture was mainly its major income and now it still occupies a remarkable portion in the city’s economy. The important agricultural products include cotton, rice, cocoon, corona oil, etc.

The economic expansion and industrialization over years have added numerous new sectors to the city’s economy. The most dramatic sector is its bonsai production. The city is now the largest bonsai exporter in the Eastern China and each year thousands of bonsais are exported to China's other provinces and international markets.

The Rugao Port is another prestigious industrial sector and it has been planned for a further expansion. The Rugao Port Economic Development Zone is designated to promote the port and attracts more investments. The city has been ranked on the list of China’s Top 100 Counties (county-level cities) for its agricultural strength, science and technology.

Rugao environment is still in a good shape. The local municipal government has been adopted stiff environmental rules into practice over years and has spent significant funds to protect its environment.

Transportation and Tourism
Rugao has a convenient transportation network including air, river and land. The city has its own airport, Rugao Airport, and it spends 30 min of driving to the city's downtown. The second nearby airport, Nantong Airport, is 30 km far and provides an additional airway to the city's air commuters.

Multiple highway and expressway system link the city to its neighbors and these roads include provincial highways G316, 317, national highway G204 and Ningtong (Nanjing-Nantong) expressway and pending expressway, Jiangsu Coastline Expressway.

With three major canals crisscrossing the territory, Rugao is connected to Yangtze River and its 48-kilimeter river bank provides abundance of river bank industrial sectors to host a plenty of deep water berths. The Rugao port is promoting by the government to become a critical port along the Yangtze River.

In the urban area of the city, the public transit, plus taxi and shuttle bus, provides convenience to the city’s commuters. Tourist destinations include many tourist parks and historical relics including Dinghui Temple, Shuihui Garden, and visible bonsai exhibits everywhere. It is a good place to enjoy clean air and ecological environment.

Rugao has well instituted 9-year compulsory education system for youths and its high schools including junior and senior high schools achieve a significant graduation rate.

Culture and Folklore
In China, Rugao is a metropolis where a large number of long life residents and a high percentage in its population surprisingly exist. There are no clear scientific explanations to interpret the phenomenon but it is possibly due to its diet customs or less polluted environment.

Nantong Kite, actually produced in Rugao, is one of the six most popular Chinese kites, which are counted as Beijing kite, Weifang kite, Tianjing kite, Nantong kite, Jiangnan kite and Taiwan kite. The artistic style of Nantong kite could be generalized as being plain on sculpture, being installed whistle with high and low voice and demonstrating elegance on colored pattern. The most outstanding characteristic of Nantong kites is the sound device with various whistles, big or small, with the quantity differing, etc.

The major events include the annual bonsai festival which exhibit thousands of bonsai in “Ru Style” and the kite festival.

Notable Personage
Fan Zhongyan was a well-know poet and politician in the Northern Song Dynasty. As a government official in charge of salt business for the dynasty, Fan did a great job to build a levee to prevent tides of the East Sea. Today, the levee still exists and significantly protects the inland from tiding.

Guo Wenhe is the most famous Nantong Kite artist in Rugao and Nantong, and together with his sons and daughters, they make the best kites that have earned its domestic and international reputations.

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