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Liu Dongbin Relic  Yellow Sand fishery Port
Liu Dongbin Relic   Yellow Sand fishery Port

General Information
Qidong City, a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Nantong, is situated in the north of Yangtze River, the opposite of Shanghai.

Dubbed “the earliest dawn” in China, Qidong is the most eastern city in China's eastern coast, facing Shanghai on the opposite of Yangtze River. Geographicaly, the land was formed by sediment of sand particles brought by the Yangtze River in a history of more than a thousand years.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Qidong City is located in the eastern coast of China at the conjunction of three major bodies of water: the Yellow Sea, the East Sea and the mouth of the Yangtze River. It borders Shanghai metropolis on the opposite of the river and Haimen city is on its north.

The city is formed by the sediment from sand particles brought by the Yangtze River. In early of Qing Dynasty, many small sand islets appeared and were gradually merged into islands. It has been growing larger by the time. Now the land is still in expansion along the coast line.

The city has a humid subtropical climate and distinct four seasons. Spring starts in March and is considered the most beautiful season. In June, the heavy rain predicts the coming of the early summer. The autumn is generally sunny and dry and the foliage season is in November. The winter is typically grey and dreary with the average temperature of 0ºC. The annual average precipitation is over a thousand mm. The total sunshine time generally exceeds 2,000 hours yearly and the frost-free time is more than 200 days.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Qidong city is under the jurisdiction of Nantong and is made up of 24 towns and 1 provincial economic development zone, established in July of 1992.

Area and Population
The city has a physical land of 1,157 square kilometers and its population is over than one million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Qidong is traditionally considered as an agricultural land in Jiangsu and its fishery income adds more economic strength to the city. The water resource is abundant and the underground water level is only 1.2 to 1.6 m deep.

The economic expansion over the last decades has added numerous new sectors to the city’s industry, including texture, mechanic, pharmaceutical, chemical and civil constructional industries. The fishery industry, relying on nearby the East China Sea and deep ocean, develops fast. The fishery port, the Lu Shi Port, is the fourth largest fishery port in China. The city has been ranked at 55th on the list of China’s Top 100 Counties (county-level cities) for its comprehensive economic strength.

It has established six industrial zones, including Qidong Economic Development Zone, Lushi Oceanic Economic Zone, Bingjiang Chemical Garden, Binghai Industrial Park, etc.

Qidong's environment is still in a good shape as its limited industrialization has not yet caused obvious damage. The local municipal government has been putting stiff environmental rules into practice over years and has spent significant funds to protect its ecosystem. The city has been honored as a green city.

Transportation and Tourism
Located at the remote eastern end of Jiangsu, Qidong never boasts for its transportation convenience. However, the historical limitation will soon be terminated upon the completion of four major transport projects, including Huchongqi (Shanghai-Chongming Island-Qidong) Yangtze River Bridge, Ningqi (Nanjing-Qidong) Expressway, Ningqi Railway and Jiangsu Coastline Expressway. Upon the completion of Chongqi Bridge possible in 2008-09, there will be only an hour driving distance between Shanghai and Qidong.

In the urban area of the city, the public transit, plus taxi and shuttle bus, provides convenience to the city’s commuters and visitors.

Tourist attractions include relics left from a legendary figure in Chinese history, Lu Dongbin. The Lushi town, a legendary fishery town, has a history of more than thousand of years. It is a place to see either natural beauty or historical heritage.

Qidong has well instituted 9-year compulsory education system for youths and its high schools including junior and senior high schools achieve a significant graduation rate.

Culture and Folklore
Early settlers in Qidong were migrants who mainly came from two regions, the North China and the south China. Immigrants from the south came by crossing the Yangtze River. These early migrant ethnic groups had barriers in oral communication and they lived in two separated areas, in which migrants from the north lived in the west of the town but ethnic group crossed the Yangtze River lived in the east. The separation was the principal cause which formed today’s two local dialects, Qisi Dialect that is close to the language used in the north of China, but Tongdong Dialect is similar with Wu language used in Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

The major events include The Seafood Festival opened during May 17-19 and The Scientific and Technological Festival opened October 25-31.

Notable Personage
Lu Dongbin was a legendary figure in Chinese history. Many stories left behind him. The well-known fishery town, Lushi Town, was named for remembrance of his four-time visits of the town.

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