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A busy canal  Lake marshland
A busy canal   Lake marshland

General Information
Pizhou City, a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Xuzhou, is located between two metropolises, Xuzhou and Lianyungang.

Pizhou was an ancient county, first established in the Han Dynasty. With its distinct surroundings, Pizhou had been recognized as a prominent battlefield from a military view. Many combative conflicts took place on this land, including the notable battles occured from the Periods of the Three Kingdoms, the Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. These military campaignes have left a large number of precious historic relics since then.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Pizhou is located in the North Jiangsu Plain but has a hilly area in its south- and north-west. Situated at the northwest corner of Jiangsu province, Pizhou borders two cities of Shangdong Province, Zhaozhuang and Changshan, in its north. The city is sandwiched from two directions, the west and east, by two cities under Xuzhou jurisdiction, Xuzhou metropolis and Xinyi.

Pizhou is under influence of the temperate zone and has four distinct seasons. The weather is dry and cold in the winter but warm and humid in the summer. The annual average temperature is 14ºC and the average precipitation is close to 1,000 mm. The total sunshine time is 2,350 hours yearly and the frost-free time is over two hundred days.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Pizhou city is under the jurisdiction of Xuzhou and is made up of 24 towns and one provincial economic development zone.

Area and Population
The city has a land mass of 2,088 square kilometers and its population is around one and a half million, which is the second largest population in Jiangsu Province.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Pizhou is the second largest city in Jiangsu in population. It is a historical city in where many enemies troops once fought. The city is considered as an agricultural land in the Jiangsu North Plain and has been recognized as the No. 1 for four commercial goods: garlic, Chinese ginkgo, plywood/engineering wood and plasterboard. These commodities have brought the city a massive economic profit and have created numerous new industrial sectors.

The city’s natural resources include non-metal minerals: granite, lime, marble, quartz, etc.

The rapid economic expansion over the last decades has added a large number of new industrial sectors, including manufactures in plywood, engineering wood and plasterboard products. These new industries are now acknowledged as the city’s prestigious contributors. The city is ranked at 69 in China’s Top 100 Counties (county-level cities) for its comprehensive economic strength.

In order to protect its environment, specifically for its water resource, the municipal government has been putting stiff environmental rules into practice over years and has spent significant funds in pollution control. The ginkgo tree has become a popular tree species and many parks plant the trees to add the beauty and increase its forest coverage.

Transportation and Tourism
Pizhou City has a convenient transportation network connecting the city to its neighbors as well as entire region. The network is comprised of expressway/highway, railway and waterway transportations. In the inner city, the public transit, taxi and shuttle bus, provides convenience to the city’s commuters.

The city has numerous historical relics left from the Han Dynasty, Three Kingdoms and Chinese Civil War. Many newly established parks and scenic zones have attracted tourists including Ginkgo Forest Park, Grand Canal Scenic Region, Dadenzhi human civilization relics, Aishan Mountain Scenic Region, etc.

The city has well instituted a nine-year compulsory education system for youths and its high schools including junior and senior high schools achieve a significant graduation rate. Jiangsu Canal Teacher’s College is located in the city.

Culture and Folklore
Pizhou protects its folklores popular in local towns for past hundreds of years. Among them, Pizhou paper cutting and painting are two amid famed folk traditions.

Notable Personage
Notable people born or grown in Pizhou include some ancient eminent figures in Chinese history, Zhou Ji, a prominent ministry in Spring-Autumn Warrior Time, Shi Yainian, a famous official in Han Dynasty.

Wang Ji, a national hero who died in order to save his fellow soldiers, has his memorial museum in Pizhou.

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