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Downtown of city  Tianmu Lake
Downtown of city   Tianmu Lake

General Information
Located in the south of the Changzhou jurisdiction, Liyang is a county-level city with a history of 2,200 years. This name started using in 221 B.C, the Spring-Autumn Warlord Period. In Shui Dynasty (591 A.D), Liyang was established as a prefecture.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Liyang borders five cities of Jiangsu, including Gaochun, Lishui, Jurong, Jintang and Yixing, from three direction of the west-south-east. It neighbors as well cities under Jiaxing’s jurisdiction of Zhejiang Province.

Liyang is located in the Jiangsu South Plain and is crisscrossed by numerous bodies of water, including five lakes and lots of river. The city’s abundant freshwater is the crucial resource for its agricultural sector and tourist-oriented service industry.

Like its neighbors, Liyang is on the subtropical belt and its weather is influenced by a maritime monsoon climate, a mild and humid climate with distinct four seasons. The annual average temperature is 15-16ºC with the highest 38.6ºC recorded in the summer of 1988 and the lowest -15ºC in the winter of 1977. The average rain precipitation is 1,160 mm annually and the total sunshine time is close 2,000 hours.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Liyang is under the jurisdiction of Changzhou. The county is comprised of 18 towns and 2 provincial special districts, the Liyang Economic Development Zone and the Tianmu Lake Resort. The municipal government is stationed in the Town of Licheng, the largest town in the city as well as in entire Changzhou jurisdiction.

Area and Population
Liyang has a land mass of 1,535 square kilometers and its population is 773,200. In 1990, Liyang was approved by the provincial government as a county-leveled city under the jurisdiction of Changzhou.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Liyang was considered as an agricultural land in the Jiangsu Plain but the revenue of this sector only occupied a small portion, one of fifteens, of the total earnings of the city each year in the past decade.

The rapid economic expansion and industrialization over the last two decades has added numerous new sectors to its industry, including manufactural and tourist divisions. Investments from outer sources have stably increased over years. These capitals have greatly enhanced the city’s economical capability and the city was ranked at 47th on the list of China’s Top 100 Counties (county-level cities) for its comprehensive economic strength.

In order to protect its environment, specifically for its water resource, Liyang municipal government has been putting stiff environmental rules into practice over years and has spent massive funds to protect its environment. The municipal government took action to renovate the sewage disposal systems of hotels and other residential buildings around the lake. There steps were highly successful and the lake’s water quality has improved remarkablly. Now the water can be used for drinking or making tea.

Transportation and Tourism
Liyang has a highly advantageous geographical position in which the convenient road-water-air transportation network connects the whole economic region and towns, including Shanghai-Nanjing expressway and Shanghai-Nangjing Railway. The city is 60 km awary from Changzhou municipality and has a hour driving distance, around 100 km, to cities including Nanjing, Suzhou, Jiangying Port and Zhangjiagang Port, two hour driving distance to Shanghai and Hangzhou.

In the inner city, the public transportation, plus taxi and shuttle bus, provides convenience to the city’s commuters and visitors.

Tianmu Lake is a national 4-AAAA tourist destination, 8 km away from its urban area. The lake originally included two water reservoirs and had been renovated into tourist-orientated site in 1992. The lake's ecological system is under a strict protection and the forest covering rate reaches 90% of the lake shore. A huge tea pot, which is 3.5 m in tall and 1.9 in width, is stalled in the park as a decoration and has been recognized as the largest one by the Guinness World Records.

Other tourist destinations include Changdang Lake, Lungtanshan Hill Forest Park, Taigung Hill, and more.

Liyang has well instituted compulsory primary education system and its high schools including junior and senior high schools achieve a significant graduation rates.

Culture and Folklore
Liyang produces green teas and the most famous ones include Nanshan Shoumei and Longtan Qingfeng, which have been famed among the best teas.

Notable Personage
Cheng Yi, a well-known minitary Marshal and former minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of People’s Public of China once worked in Liyang and married Mrs Zhang Qian in 1940.

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