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A city view  Back Garden of Nanjing
A city view   Back Garden of Nanjing

General Information
Lying in the south of Jiangsu, Jurong is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Zhenjiang Prefecture City. Jurong, initially established in 128 B.C. of the West Hang Dynasty, has a history of more than 2,200 years. It is dubbed “Nanjing's New Eastern Suburb” and and is boasted as the “Backyard of Nanjing”, which describe its geographic closure to Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province.

One of two tributes of Qinhuai River, a landmark of Nanjing, originates from the Mountain Baohua which is in Jurong. The other tribute originates from the Mountain Dongting , lying in the county neighbou, Lishui County.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Jurong City is situated in the South Jiangsu Plain with three major bodies of water, Qinhuai River, Lake Taihu and Yangtze River. Besides of the big three, there are other 76 various sizes of lakes and reservoirs nestled on the city' land.

The city confronts Nanjing metropolis on its west but faces the cities including Lishui, Liyang, Jintan, Danyang and Zhenjiang urban district elsewhere. In its southeast, there is a hilly area with the well-known Buddhism temple, the Longchang Temple. Jurong Port is located on the southern Yangtze River bank, with a length of 6 km, and is 45 away from Nanjing Port and 60 km from Zhenjiang Port.

Jurong has a maritime monsoon climate, similar to its neighbors, and four seasons are distinct. The annual average temperature is 15ºC and the precipitation is close 1,000 mm. The so-called Mei Yu season, meaning “humid and rainfall abundant” in Chinese, lasts about 2 to 3 weeks.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Jurong City is under the jurisdiction of Zhenjiang. The city is comprised of 17 towns and one provincial economic development zone. The municipal government is stationed in the Town of Huayang.

Area and Population
Jurong has a physical size of 1,385 square kilometers and the population is close to 600,000.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Conventionally, Jurong was rely on its agricultural income and its water network plus aquatic produce reinforced its financial earnings. The fairly warm climate, moderate rainfall and fertile soil make the city one of the richest agricultural regions in this province. The production of strawberry has earned its national reputation and is honored as the “Strawberry Town”.

The recent economic expansion has greatly enhances the Jurong’s economy. The city has newly added numerous industrial sectors and more investment are coming in. It speeds the city's industrialization and improves its economic capibility.

The water transportation is really an advantage for Jurong. Three water systems provide the city an easy access to the crucial watergate of Yangtze River. Jurong Port has established multiple relations with other ports to further increase its capacity.

Jurong’s environment and ecosystem are well protected by its regulations and by-laws. The city is making its effort to maintain its ecological environment and forest and many heavy polluted factories have been shut down by the local government. Numerous facilities have been set up in industrial areas to protect environment and water resources.

Transportation and Tourism
Jurong has a handy transport system, including waterway, railway and expressway/highway networks. Two expressways, Nanhong (Nanjing-Hongzhou) and Huning (Shanghai-Nanjing), run through the city south-northwards or east-westwards. Other three highways, G104, G312, 101 (provincial) and 340 (provincial), link the city to its neighbors and the entire nation.

Huning Railway passes through the city providing frenquant railroad schedules to passengers and cargo transportation.

The connection of three water systems offers Jurong a convenient water transportation to passengers and cargo transport. In addition, the newly-established cargo port - Nanjing Xinshengwei Port and Zhenjiang Dagang Port are within a closed distance, providing the city a passage to the seagate.

In the inner city, the public transportation system including bus, taxi and cargo transport, charted buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to the city’s daily commuters and travelers.

Jurong has numberous tourist attranctions including historical sites, parks and temples. Three most attractive hills for tourists include Baohua Mountain National Forest Park, Maoshan Hill Scenic Region and Wawu Hill.

Jurong has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate. No higher learning institution is available in the city.

Culture and Folklore
The city is one of critical religious places where Daoism religion was once thriving and Maoshan Monastery is one of the important Daoism monastery.

Notable Personage

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