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A view of town  Danjinchao River
A view of town   Danjinchao River

General Information
Situated in the South Jiangsu Plain, Jintan is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Changzhou. The city, dubbed “Golden Jug” in Chinese since 688 A.D., has a long history of human civilization, tracking back to the Western Zhou Dynasty. The city has been honored the provincial garden city since 2006.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Jintan city is located in middle in Changzhou jurisdiction, bordering Wujin District on the east, Jurong city of Zhenjiang jurisdiction on the west, Danyang city on the north and Liyang and Yixing cities on the south. Zhao Lake, called Changdang Lake as well, is one of ten major freshwater lakes of Jiangsu, which flows into the Lake Tai.

Jintan is crisscrossed by numerous rivers, canals and lakes and the water surface area occupies one fifth of its size of the land. The natural resources mainly include salt, coal, and granite mines.

Jintan has a maritime monsoon climate, a mild and humid climate with distinct four seasons. The annual average temperature is 17ºC around. The so-called Mei Yu season, meaning “humid and rainfall abundant” in Chinese, last about 2-4 weeks.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Jintan City is under the jurisdiction of Changzhou. The city is comprised of 8 towns and Jintan Economic Development Zone that lies on the eastern suburb of the city with a planned area of 41 square kilometers. The municipal government is stationed in the Town of Jincheng.

Area and Population
Jiangyin has a physical land mass of 802 square kilometers and its water surface area occupies around 20% of the land. The city’s population is close half million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Jintan was traditionally a farming land and the agricultural income occupied once the major portion of the city’s revenue. The agricultural produces mainly include rice, wheat, cotton, rapeseeds, etc. The agricultural income nowadays, however, only occupies less than 5% of its total GDP.

The rapid economic expansion over past two decades has turned the city to a wealthy municipality and the industrial income is becoming the city’s prominence, occupying more than 80% of its GDP. The industrial sectors have attracted numerous investments from national and international enterprisers and have brought the city the new economic capability. The city has been listed at 69 on China’s Top 100 Counties (county-level cities) for its comprehensive economic strength in 2006 and 2007.

Economic expanssion and environmental conservation have seemed like two different approaches. The Jintan government has been putting stiff environmental policies into practice over years. The city has spent remarkable funds to clean polluted rivers and to plant trees along its major road. Many companies in Jintan have been noted as having significantly reduced its pollution and 39 of them have been shut down duo to contamination problems. The city has been listed as one of the best Chinese cities in environment protection.

Transportation and Tourism
Nanjing-Changzhou expressway, from west to east, and Yangzhou-Lisui expressway, from north to south, run through the county, plus G340 provincial highway, giving the city easy access to Nanjing Luokou Airport (60 km) and Changzhou Benniu Airport (50 km). Abundant water resource brings the city a convenient waterway to Yangtze River and Lake Taihu.

In the inner city, the public transportation including bus, cargo transport and shuttle buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to the city’s daily commuters and travelers.

Jintan has numberous tourist attranctions including historical sites, parks and temples. The most attractive sites for tourists include:

Loo-Keng Hua Park is located at 38 Shihu Road, and host the Loo-Keng Hua Memorial House, which includes three exhibit halls and has a huge collection for him.

Maoshan Hill Scenic Region is located between Jintan and Zhenjiang and is one of well-known tourist attractions in this area. It is ranked as one of 3-AAA national tourist destinations.

Jintan has well instituted compulsory primary education system and the secondary schools achieves significant graduate rate. Inspired by the eminent mathematician and a native of Jintan, Prof. Loo-Keng Hua, the government and regular citizens of the city are serious for the education and have reached a considerable achievement, in which many of the high school graduates have been accepted by prestigious universities each year.

Culture and Folklore
There was a popular legend spread widely in China’s folk history, touching and sad:

Dong Yun, a filial piety son and a farmer, lived with his father after his mother died. They were so poor that when his dad died Dong Yun did not even have enough money to buy a coffin for the deceased. In desperation he sold himself to a greedy landlord as a slave in exchange for bucks to bury his father.

His story moved an angel who is the seventh daughter of the Goddess of the Heaven. She broke the rules of the Heaven and descended to the Earth in secret. With her sisters’ help, she was arranged to meet Yun and finally married him. She wove 300 bolts of cloth within a month for the landlord in return for her husband’s relief from slavery.

Months later, however, the Goddess was finally aware of her daughter's disappearing and sent right way warriors to the Earth to take her back. The angel was dragged to leave her husband but Dong Yun chased after his wife to the sky. To prevent fierce warriors from harming her husband, the angel made a river in a hurry, the Milky Way, in the sky using her hairpin, which kept her husband away from warriors but unfortunately separated forever him from joining her.

In the Heaven, the angle gave a birth of a baby boy but the Goddess ruled that the infant should not stay. The newborn was seized from grieving mom and was sent back to Yun who was in poverty. Day and night, the lonely husband bore his crying infant on his back but the sobbing wife was instead in custody in the Heaven.

Touched by the desperate situation, the Goddess eventually agreed that the couple could meet once a year. With help from a bird species, magpie, using their bodies and feather, a bridge is formed over the river by countless flying birds, on which the broken family could ultimately reunite in the evening of the 7th Day of the 7th Lunar Month, each year in China’s lunar calendar. This day is now depicted the China’s Valentine’s Day.

Jintan is one of three Jiangsu cities, each of which claims that their city was the origin of the folk legend and the hometown for Dong Yun. Other two cities are Dongtai, one county under the jurisdiction of Yancheng City, and Danyang, under the jurisdiction of Zhenjiang City.

Notable Personage
Hua Lugen (1910-1985), or Loo-Keng Hua, was an outstanding mathematician in China’s modern math history and one of two most eminent Chinese mathematicians in his generation. He spent most of his working life in China during some of that country's most turbulent political upheavals. If many Chinese mathematicians nowadays are making distinguished contributions at the frontiers of science and if mathematics in China enjoys high popularity in public esteem, that is due in large measure to the leadership Hua gave his country, as scholar and teacher, for 50 years.

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