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Longchuan Squar  Xiannu Temple
Longchuan Squar   Xiannu Temple

General Information
Located in the central part of Jiangsu, Jiangdu is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou Prefecture City. The name, Jiangsu, meaning “River Capital” in Chinese, had originally used for Yangzhou in the Qin and Han dynasties. Three well-known bodies of water, Yangtze River, Grand Canal and Shaobei Lake, flow through the city.

The city has a history of around 2,500 years, starting in the West Han Dynasty. Jiangdu was first recorded as an ancient prefecture in 153 B.C but its jurisdiction was later modified many times upon the replacement of dynasties. In history, Jiangdu had a close affiliation to Yangzhou.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou, Jiangdu City is located in the north of Yangtze River but in the central part of Jiangsu Plain, holding three major water resources, including two rivers and a lake. Jiangdu borders Yangzhou metropolis and Gaoyou, and three Taizhou’s cities, Taizhou, Xinghua and Jiangyan.

Geographically, Jiangdu lies on the Northern Jiangsu Plain and is crisscrossed by numerous rivers and lakes, including Yangtze River, the Grand Canal and Lake Shaobai. Its water surface area is 15% of its land. The natural resources mainly include crude oil and natural gas, which occupy more than 60% of the provincial total resource.

Jiangdu has a maritime monsoon climate, with distinct four seasons. The annual average temperature is 15ºC around. The annual precipitation is close to 1,000 mm. The so-called Mei Yu season, meaning “humid and rainfall abundant” in Chinese, starts in Julynend lasts about 2-3 weeks. The elevation of the land is about 5 m over sea level.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Jiangdu City is under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou. The city is comprised of 13 towns, one provincial economic development zone. Its municipal government is stationed in the Town of Xiannu (Town of Angel).

Area and Population
Jiangdu has a land mass of 1,332 square kilometers and its water surface area occupies about 15% of its land. The city’s population is around a million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Traditionally, Jiangdu city relied on its agriculture and fishery earnings. Major agricultural products include livestock, crops, vegetable, cocoon and aquatic products. In recent years, growing flower, bonsai, garden plant has formed an additional agricultural sector.

As a city where water surface area occupies more than 15% of its land, Jiangdu produces abundant aquatic products including fish, shrimp, crab, oyster, etc, plus “aquatic vegetable”, including lotus rhizome and seed, caltrop, etc. Lotus is a water plant growing in the mud of shallow ponds, marshes and flooded fields. In Asian culture, the plant's parts, like seed, leaf, stalk and rhizome, can be either used as vegetables for foods or as a green plant and flower for viewing.

In recent development, a few of industrial sectors have been added to the city’s economy, including natural resource, electronic, mechanic industries and civil construction.

Jiangdu’s environment and ecosystem are protected, specifically for its water resources. The city is making its effort to maintain its ecological environment and forest.

Transportation and Tourism
Jiangdu has a convenient road transportation system including four highways and expressways running through the city. The lakes including Shaobai and Luyang, Yangtze River and the Grand Canal offer the city a convenient waterway transportation.

In the inner city, the public transportation including bus, taxi and cargo transport, long distance buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to commuters and visitors.

Most of the county’s tourist attractions are associated with the Lake Shaobai, Xiannu Temple (Angel Temple), Kaiyuan Temple. Luyang Lake and its marshland have become a natural reserve for wildlifes including bird and animal species.

Jiangdu has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate. Jiangdu International School is a private school that has projects for primary and junior secondary students. The school has Korean students and has established international cooperation with schools of Singapore.

Culture and Folklore
With a history of 2,500 years, Jiangdu has been recorded multiple changes for its name and jurisdiction. Its traditions are similar with Yangzhou. Each March 3rd on the lunar calendar, Jiangsu sponsors a local folk fair in which many traditional entertainments would be played.

Notable Personage
The notable people include Jiang Shangqin (father the Chinese former president Jiang zemin), Shu Xingbei (well-known physicist), Wu Dagun (Scientist), and more.

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