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The Citizen Square  Wenyou Terrace
The Citizen Square   Wenyou Terrace

General Information
Gaoyou is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou Prefecture City. Gaoyou is comprised of two Chinese characters, Gao and You, meaning “High or Excellency” and “Post” in Chinese, respectively. During the Empire Qin Dynasty (221–206 B.C.), the First Qin Emperor Yingzheng ordered to build a tall platform on a land, where is now the territory of Gaoyou, to set up a relay postal station and so was it later named.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Gaoyou is located on the north bank of Yangtze River but in the middle of the province, economically belonging the economic zone of Yangtze River Delta. The city borders Jinhu, Baoying, Xinghua, Jiangdu, Yangzhou and Yizheng cities or counties. Except Jinhu and Xinghua, all other four cities and county are under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou.

The city is on the North Jiangsu Plain, crisscrossed by numerous rivers and lakes. The Grand Canal runs northward and separates the city. The third largest freshwater lake of Jiangsu, Lake Gaoyou, is to its west, providing the city the most important water resource and the abundance of aquatic production.

The city is situated in a transit belt from the subtropical region to a warm temperate zone with humid changeable wind and the average temperature is close 15°C with the hottest 27.6°C in July and the coldest 1.7°C in January. The raining season is from the middle of June to July and the annual average rainfall is around 1,000 mm. The average relative humility is 67% and over 200 days free of frost.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Gaoyou City is under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou. It is comprised of 19 towns and 1 minority community town. Its municipal government is stationed in the Town of Gaoyou.

Area and Population
Gaoyou City has a physical land mass of 1,962 square kilometers, including water surface area 788 square kilometers, and its population is near a million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Gaoyou traditionally relied on its agriculture and aquatic incomes financially. Agricultural products primarily include oil seed, rice, fruit and vegetable. Aquatic products include many types of aquatic vertebrates such as fish, crab, shrimp, oyster, etc.

Gaoyou Duck and duck eggs are two famous agricultural products which have been popular for more than a thousand years in history. The duck egg, with its double yolks in red color, is a favorite delicacy for Chinese families and holiday proference, and has been listed as a national original protected brand name.

The city has added new industrial sectors and an economic development zone. These industries provide the city with a strong economic prosperity. Gaoyou City has been listed as one of the best cities for investment potential and one of China’a Top 100 Counties (county-level cities).

The county has been given an account of its well-protected environment and eco-system. The local government has shut down many environment-contaminating factories along its lake shores to protect its lakes. The county intends to turn out to be a green-land and ecological-friendly environment in Jiangsu.

Transportation and Tourism
The Beijing-Shanghai Expressway passes just to the east of the city. The Nanjin-Yangzhou Railway is only 60 km away from the city and Zhenjiang railway station is 70 km far as well. Drive from Gaoyou to cities: 8 hrs to Beijing, 2.5 hrs to Shanghai or Nanjing, 1 hr to Zhenjiang and less a hr to Yangzhou.

Grand Canal runs southward in Gaoyou and links Lake Gaoyou. With crisscrossing rivers, lakes and the Grand Canal, plus nearby Yangzhou Port, the city is conveniently connected to the golden waterway, Yangtze River, providing the handy water transportation.

In the inner city, the public transportation including bus, taxi and cargo transport, long distance buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to commuters and visitors even if the system still needs a major improvement.

Gaoyou has been listed as one of Jiangsu’s Cultural and Historic Cities, approved by the provincial government, and has an abundance of tourist resources. The major tourist attractions include:

Wenyou Terrace, erected in 976 AD of the Northern Song Dynasty, was a place where Su Dongpo, a well-known Chinese writer, met other three local celebrities in 1084 AD.

Zhenguo Temple Pagoda, with a controversy of the time when the pagoda was erected, is one of the provincial historical and heritage sites.

Yucheng Post, the historical relic of the relay postal station erected in the Qin Dynasty, is a symbol for the city and highly promotes the city with its heritages.

Gaoyou has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate.

Gaoyou Children’s Welfare Institute (CWI) is situated at 40 Gaogongqiao Road, which is on the western side of the city. This institute was founded by the local government on the desire to identify and help disadvantaged and desperate orphans, the aged, and the disabled. Some of the orphans have recently been adopted by families from the North American or Europe with help from a charitable organization, the Half the Sky Foundation. Gaoyou is the place where these children spent their first part of lives and is their hometown.

Culture and Folklore
The eariest town in the city's history was first established 2,200 years ago during the Qin Dynasty and the early civilization found in Gaoyou could trace back 7,000 years, the New Stone Age, with fabulous items unearthed at archeological site in Longqiu Village.

The most famous Italian traveler and adventurer, Marco Polo, arrived Gaoyou between 1282-1287 when he toured the ancient Yangzhou. He mentioned Gaoyou in his traveling diary and book, as saying “Gaoyou is large and prosperous. Locals live primarily on trade and handicraft business. Living resources are abundant, specifically like fish. There are so many wild animals and birds that cost only one coin for three pheasants, which is as big as a peacock”.

Notable Personage
Notable figures in China’s history include Qin Shaoyou, Wang Nianshun and Wang Yinzhi and Sun Yunzhu. Qin Shaoyou was a native of Gaoyou, a well-known poet in the Song Dynasty. Wang Nianshun and Wang Yinzhi, father and son, both were famed classics translators in the Qing Dynasty.

In modern China’s history, Sun Yunzhu (1895-1979) is a native of Gaoyou. He was a well-known stratum palaeontologist nationally and internationally, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences since 1955, professor, director and dean in of Department of Geology of Southwest Associated University, Beijing University and State Ministry of Geology. Wang Cengqi is a native of Gaoyou, a famous writer and opera writer. Qin Huasun and Jiang Enzhu are two outstanding professional diplomacies. Qin was the former assistant minister of the Foreign Affairs Ministry from March 1993 to May 1995. Jiang was the Deputy Minister of the Foreign Affairs Ministry from December 1991 to December 1995.

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