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Color of Autumn  Beauty of island
Color of Autumn   Beauty of island

General Information
Ganyu is a county under the jurisdiction of Lianyungang Prefecture City that is one of thirteen prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu Province.

Ganyu gained its jurisdiction as a county in the Qin Dynasty (221–206 B.C.). Later, the jurisdiction had major changes three times in 1 B.C., 280 A.D., 1167 A.D. After the Chinese Communist Party took power in 1949, Ganyu was first designated under Xuzhou’s jurisdiction but it switched back to the jurisdiction of Lianyungang in 1983.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Ganyu County is located at the extreme northeastern corner of Jiangsu province, with a Yellow Sea coastline of 62.5 km. The county borders two cities of Shandong Province, Rizhao and Linzhe, to its north but Donghai and Lianyungang, to west and south.

Geographically, Ganyu can be divided into three portions and each of them occupies one third of its territory: the hilly area, ranging 35-364 m above sea level in the west, beach and wetland in the east, and flatland in the southern portion. The natural resources primarily include fish and minerals.

Lying in the north of Jiangsu Plain, Ganyu has a maritime monsoon climate, with distinct four seasons. The annual average temperature is 13ºC and average rainfall is around 1,000 mm. It enjoys more than 200 days free of frost in a year.

Administration and Jurisdiction
Under the jurisdiction of Yancheng, Ganyu County is comprised of 18 towns and 435 townships. To attract domestic and international investments, the county has established two special zones, one for oceanic development and the other for economic development.

Area and Population
Ganyu County has a physical land size of 1,420 square kilometers and its population is over a million.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Ganyu’s major revenue traditionally relied on its agricultural and fishery earnings, plus aquatic production. Specifically, the county’s aquatic production has become a prosperous sector and has received a national reputation in producing crab, shrimp, freshwater fish, and many aquatic vegetables. The provincial government had established an oceanic development zone in 2003, which further enhances the development of its oceanic economy.

The fast industrial growth increases the county’s financial capacity and its industrial income occupied one third of the county’s GDP in 2006. Cooperation with foreign or domestic companies has brought the county many business opportunities and boosts its export industrial sector. In addition, labor export to other cities is a new trend in the county.

Economic growth and environmental conservation have always seemed like two diverse approaches. the fast growing economy has not yet brought significant damages to environment. The government has spent a huge sum of funding to curb the pollution and more stiff by-laws are put in practice.

Transportation and Tourism
The county is connected to its neighbor cities and adjacent provinces by national highways, including S204, G310 and G327, and the provincial highway 242. An expressway, the Tongsan Expressway, runs through the county from south to north.

Lianyungang Port is 30 km away from the county urban area, and the same distance from the county's downtown to Longhai Railway and Lianyungang Baitabi Airport.

In the inner city, the public transportation including bus, taxi and cargo transport, charted buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to commuters even if the system still needs a huge improvement.

The most attractive tourist destination is the well-known Haizhou Bay Resort, dubbed “Jiangsu Beidai River Resort”, being the largest beach resort along the China East Coast. Other tourist destinations include the Dawushan Forest Park, Tashan Lake, Qinshan Island, Jinshan Town, Wenfeng Pagoda and Xu Fu Birthplace, etc.

Ganyu has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate. No higher learning institution is available in the county.

Culture and Folklore
The county is one of areas in the north of Jiangsu, where the Han (Dynasty) culture was once dominant, lasting for several hundred years. There were many relics left from the time.

Notable Personage
Xu Fu, a legendary voyager in Chinese history, was the first explorer to reach the ancient Japan by crossing the East Chinese Sea. In 219 B.C., the first Qin Emperor, Qin Shihuang, ordered an expedition to send 500 young boys and girls to the islands (today's Japan) by crossing the Chinese East Sea in order to collect herbs which could extend his life span. Xu fu was placed as the admiral for the expedition. His voyager started from Ganyu, but his fleet, with all boys and girls, disappeared. Nobody knew what happened eventually or whether he arrived or died. However, some evidences have revealed that a few cities in Japan have the historical relics left from Xu Fu, including Hiroshima, Aichi, Waka, etc. It is possible that Xu Fu arrived in Japan and lived there afterwards.

Ganyu is one of two cities, in which each has claimed their own city as the origin of the legend and the hometown for Xu Fu. The other city is Longkou City, Shandong province.

Jiang Enzhu, who was born in Ganyu in 1938, was an outstanding Chinese diplomat working in the Foreign Affairs Ministry and the current Chairperson of the 10th Foreign Affairs Committee.

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