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Feng


River bank  City's landscape
River bank   City's landscape


General Information
Feng, dubbed a “Hub of Fruits”, is a county under the jurisdiction of Xuzhou City that is one of thirteen prefecture-level cities of Jiangsu Province. The jurisdiction of Xuzhou possesses the northwest corner of the province while Feng County is at even extreme northwest of the jurisdiction. Flanked by cities from two provinces, Shandong and Anhui, Feng county is located close the conjunction where four provinces, Shandong, Anhui, Henan and Jiangsu, meet.


Geography, Resources and Climate
Feng County nestles at the extreme northwestern territory of Jiangsu Province. It is flanked by two provinces, Shandong and Anhui, in two sites, the north and south. Economically, the county is under the powerful influence from the Huaihai (Huai River) Economic and Development Zone, which involves most of the region of the middle and low reaches of Yellow and Huai rivers.

The general elevation of the county is between 35-48 m above sea level and major rivers include Dasha, Zhengji and Fuxin. The vulnerable situation of the old Yellow River course has been improved by draining water from Yangtze River and it forms numerous reservoirs in a shape of a belt. The total water surface area is 13% of the county’s land mass.

The nature resources mainly include mineral ores of salt, potassium, and coal.

The territory of Feng is on the Yellow River Flooding Plain and it experiences a mild climate with distinct seasons. Its springs and autumns are short, while the summers last very long. Precipitation is lower than the average level of its neighbors, 630 mm in 2006. The average temperature is -2ºC in winter January and 27ºC in summer July, with 200 days free of frost.


Administration and Jurisdiction
Under the jurisdiction of Xuzhou, Feng County is comprised of 14 towns and townships.


Area and Population
Feng County has a physical land mass of around 1,450 square kilometers and its population is over than a million. The water surface area is 13% of the county’s physical land mass.


Economy, Industry and Environment
Feng’s economy relied on its agriculture sector in the past. Traditionally, the primary agriculture products of Feng were rice and cotton, and they filled the majority of the county’s income. Over years the county has been introducing new plans which aim at diverting its economical comprehension. Now, new agricultural sectors are emerging and growing fast, including fruit, vegetable, livestock which significantly boost the county’s new agricultural sectors.

In addition, Feng has established its important agricultural technology and is well-known for its Export-oriented Agri-tech Demonstration Park.

Increased population and decreased rural land provide Feng an opportunity to develop its industrial wings. Now construction industry is one of the most prestigious sectors for Feng county. A few well-organized construction corporations have held many contracts and have offered numerous jobs to traditional farmers. The labor market and export are booming and are supported by the municipal government.

The nature resources of Feng county mainly include mineral ores of salt, potassium, and coal. Industrial sectors include electricity power and transportation.

Economic growth and environmental conservation have always seemed like two different approaches, and using coal for electricity production has brought the environment down. The county has spent a big sum of funding to curb the trend and more stiff by-law are put in practice.


Transportation and Tourism
Like its big neighbor Xuzhou, Feng County is connected to its neighbors by convenient transportation networks, including highway and railway. They are highways S321, S322 and S254, and railways Jinghu (Beijing – Shanghai), Longhai (Lianyungang-Lanzhou), and Jinjiu. Using these transport tools, it needs only 3 hrs to Lianyungang, 5 hrs to Nanjing, 6 hrs to Shanghai and 8 hrs to Beijing.

In the inner city, the public transportation including bus, taxi and cargo transport, shuttle buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to the city’s commuters and visitors.

Feng’s tourist attraction includes many historical relics from Han Dynasty, including famous tombs, temples, villages, etc.


Education
Feng county has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate. No higher learning institution is available in the county.


Culture and Folklore
The county is famous for its Han culture. During the Han Dynasty, the region was once the big stage for battles and a lot of stories or legends left from the dynasty.


Notable Personage
Liu Bang, called as well as the Emperor Gaozu (256 – 195 B.C.) - the first emperor of Han Dynasty, was born and grown in the county. He was the founder of the Han Dynasty that was a very important period in Chinese history and lasted more than 400 years (206 B.C. – 220 A.D.).

Sun Chongzheng was born in the county, who is the current party leader of Beijing Polytechnic University. Yu Youjun was born in the county, who is the current provincial Governor of Shanxi Province.


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